Sleep is the naturally recurring state of mind and body, characterized by altered consciousness, comparatively inhibited sensory activity, diminished muscle activity and inhibition of practically all voluntary muscles throughout rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, and decreased interactions with surroundings. It’s distinguished from wakefulness by a decreased potential to react to stimuli, however more reactive than coma or disorders of consciousness, sleep displaying completely different and energetic brain patterns.
Sleep occurs in repeating periods, during which the body alternates between two distinct modes: REM sleep and non-REM sleep. Though REM stands for “rapid eye movement,” this mode of sleep has many different points, including virtual paralysis of the body. A widely known characteristic of sleep is the dream, an experience usually recounted in narrative form, which resembles waking life while in progress, however, which generally can later be distinguished as fantasy.
Throughout the sleep, a lot of the body’s systems are in an anabolic state, serving to revive the immune, nervous, skeletal, and muscular systems; these are vital processes that maintain temper, memory, and cognitive function, and play a significant role in the functioning of the endocrine and immune systems. The inner circadian clock promotes sleep each day at night. The varied functions and mechanisms of sleep are the subject of substantial ongoing analysis.
Sleep is an extremely conserved behavior across animal evolution.
People might endure numerous sleep disorders, including dyssomnias equivalent to insomnia, hypersomnia, narcolepsy, and sleep apnea; parasomnias similar to sleepwalking and REM behavior disorder; bruxism; and circadian rhythm sleep disorders.
The Sleeping Benefits
- Sleeping right helps your heart, weight, mind and much more. The mind is very busy while you sleep. Sleeping strengthens memories or practices the skills you learned when awake. Anything you need to newly learn can be better done after sleeping well.
- Sleeping for 7 to 8 hours at night can help in reducing the risk of inflammation which causes diabetes, heart disease, stroke, arthritis and premature aging.
- Proper sleep helps in the functioning of the brain. Sleep enhances concentration, cognition, productivity and performance.
- Sleeping well has a direct effect on enhancing athletic performance. Longer sleep showed a significant improve in accuracy, speed, reaction times and mental health in sportsmen.
- Sleeping well and proper helps the immune system in functioning and staying strong.
RESTLESS LEGS SYNDROME (RLS)–
A condition that causes an uncontrollable need to move your legs, often because of an uncomfortable sensation. It sometimes occurs in the evening or nighttime hours while you’re sitting or lying down. Moving eases the unpleasant feeling quickly.
Restless legs syndrome, now referred to as restless legs syndrome/Willis-Ekbom disease (RLS/WED), can start at any age and usually worsens as you age. It could disrupt sleep, which interferes with everyday activities.
Easy self-care steps and lifestyle changes could make it easier for you. Medications additionally assist many individuals with restless legs syndrome.
NARCOLEPSY– Is a sleeping disorder which causes excessive sleepiness, sleep paralysis,hallucinations, total or partial loss of muscle control, which is most often triggered by a strong urge to laugh.
SLEEPWALKING– It is a behaviour in which a person wakes up during the night and walks or does other activities without remembering anything about it the next day. Sleepwalking usually occurs after an hour or two after the person has fallen asleep and lasts for about 5 to 15 minutes
INSOMNIA– Is a sleeping disorder determined by difficulty in falling asleep or staying asleep. People
with insomnia experience difficulty in falling asleep. Waking up suddenly and quite often during the night and having trouble to fall asleep again. Insomnia also causes people to wake up early in the morning.
OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA– This causes the breathing to repetitively stop or start while the person is sleeping. This is a common type of sleep apnea. It happens when throat muscles alternatively relax and block the airway while sleeping.
Things to do to get a good night’s sleep and how to maintain a routine
- Going to bed at the same time and waking up at the same time every day.
- Not taking a power nap during the day.
- Avoid stressful activities or discussions before going to bed
- Relaxing or meditating before bedtime.
- Keeping the bedroom quiet, dark and cool before and while sleeping.
- Avoid caffeine before going to bed.
Sleep is very beneficial for the body. Without even fully knowing what sleep does for us, we know that not sleeping properly makes us feel terrible. Scientists have gone to great extents to understand sleep and its advantages. Sleep plays a significant role in the immune function, memory, metabolism and other important functions. Not sleeping well can result in stress, weight gain, depression and many sleep disorders. Although, nothing is untreatable you still need to take care of your sleeping patterns. As it is famously said that “joy and sorrow sleep in the same bed.”
1. What is Sleep?
Sleep is the naturally recurring state of mind and body, characterized by altered consciousness, comparatively inhibited sensory activity, diminished muscle activity and inhibition of practically all voluntary muscles throughout rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, and decreased interactions with surroundings.
2. Why is sleeping important?
Sleeping right helps your heart, weight, mind and much more. The mind is very busy while you sleep. Sleeping strengthens memories or practices the skills you learned when awake. Anything you need to newly learn can be better done after sleeping well.
3. What is a sleeping disorder?
A sleeping disorder is a condition which changes the way you sleep. Some symptoms include excessive daytime drowsiness or sleeping, irregular breathing pattern and increased movement while sleeping.
4. Is improper sleep related to stress?
Yes, improper sleep pattern is related to stress as well as anxiety disorder. Stress causes insomnia which is a sleep disorder affecting the quality of your sleep.