Plastics the wonder material is known for its durability, stability and affordability – has to turn into a major environmental challenge lately. This pervasive nature of plastic in the environment has led to its entry in the human body, posing a threat to human health.
With over 400 million tons of plastic produced globally every year, the plastic still remains an alternative for industries reminiscent of cosmetics, food packaging, utensils and so on. Much of waste plastic results in dump yards and also will get collected in water bodies. Numerous research has shown its opposed effects on the marine ecosystem and its presence in the bodies of marine animals similar to fishes, mollusks, turtles, etc. The plastic reaches bodies of its producers, humans, by consumption of seafood, closing the full circle.
Whereas macro-plastics stays a visual problem, micro-plastics and nano-plastics which are generated via physical, biological and chemical actions on plastic are rising an extra severe health hazard. As a consequence of their invisible nature, micro and nano plastics can enter human our bodies by using products that comprise nano-plastics akin to scrubs, lipsticks, mascara, shampoos and so on., apart from by consumption of seafood. Current research has additionally discovered microplastics in tap and bottled water. The employees within the textile and PVC industries additionally inhale nano-plastics unknowingly.
Based on business estimates, a mean Indian consumes roughly 11 kg of plastic merchandise in numerous types yearly. Although it’s a lot lower than what an American or a Chinese language does, nonetheless it’s a drawback.